About The Author
Author Biograhy: Ekaterina Mironova is a co-founder of CBD Life Mag and an avid blogger on the Hemp, CBD and fashion subjects. Ekaterina is also on the panel of the CBD reviewers and she most enjoys CBD gummies. Ekaterina has developed a real interest in CBD products after she started taking CBD tincture oil to help her ease her anxiety that was part-and-parcel of her quick-paced city career. When Ekaterina realised just how effective CBD is, she has founded CBD Life Magazine along with some of her friends.
When she is not blogging, you are likely to see Ekaterina in front of her souped up Alienware laptop gaming or delving into the world of Cryptocurrency. Ekaterina also boasts a very large collection of Penny Black Posts stamps and silver hammered Medieval coins. Ekaterina’s other interest include swimming, painting, traveling, shopping, spending a good time with her friends and helping animals in need.
Ekaterina has featured in some of the leading publications such as Vanity Fair, Country Living, Vogue, Elle, New York Times and others.
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Mental well being support services can be found for anybody struggling through the pandemic. All personal care companies together with hairdressers, nail bars and tattoo parlours must shut. The Met Office says that some roads and rail companies are likely to be affected by the freezing conditions and folks ought to anticipate longer journey times. Regular ferry companies operate between the Scottish mainland and outlying islands. Ferries serving both the internal and outer Hebrides are principally operated by the state-owned enterprise Caledonian MacBrayne.
But if its British retailers that you are after, there is no actual want to visit the UK at all.
Scotland’s gross domestic product , together with oil and gas produced in Scottish waters, was estimated at £one hundred fifty billion for the calendar year 2012. As of April 2019 the Scottish unemployment fee was three.three%, beneath the UK’s overall rate of 3.8%, and the Scottish employment price was seventy five.9%.
Notable drivers embrace; David Coulthard, Jim Clark, Paul Di Resta, and Jackie Stewart. In IndyCar, Dario Franchitti has received four consecutive IndyCar world championships. Scotland hosts its personal nationwide sporting competitions and has impartial representation at several international sporting events, including the FIFA World Cup, the Rugby Union World Cup, the Rugby League World Cup, the Cricket World Cup, the Netball World Cup and the Commonwealth Games.
The Midlands noticed the biggest rise, where a hundred seventy five individuals died, 167 deaths have been recorded in London and 163 in the East of England. Meanwhile, a teachers’ union has launched legal action against the government demanding all colleges to close.
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After the Reformation, Roman Catholicism in Scotland continued in the Highlands and a few western islands like Uist and Barra, and it was strengthened during the 19th century by immigration from Ireland. Other Christian denominations in Scotland embody the Free Church of Scotland, and various other Presbyterian offshoots. In August 2012, the Scottish inhabitants reached an all-time excessive of 5.25 million people.
“Many individuals are battling bereavement, loss of revenue, isolation or anxiousness around the pandemic and it can be significantly onerous for people with present mental well being challenges. Many individuals are going through big challenges to their mental health this yr due to the lockdowns, health considerations, monetary worries and uncertainty concerning the future. The official steerage is to “keep house” and to solely journey for “important causes”, so individuals are being advised to buy the sales online to avoid any pointless public contact. If you are apprehensive about delivery expenses, many retailers provide click and acquire for free – that is nonetheless allowed in all tiers.
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The partnership says there may be nonetheless the chance for individuals in the top four priority groups who haven’t but been vaccinated to book an appointment. They are suggested to use the nationwide reserving system to book their vaccine or contact their local GP. People aged are being inspired to book appointments at Ashton Gate Vaccination Centre or at considered one of seven area people pharmacies. This may be done by logging on to the national booking service at/covid-vaccinationor calling 119.
The workers are friendly, the service is fast and efficient, the food is delicious. However, these shops can continue to function click-and-collect systems, if goods are pre-ordered and picked up off the premises, and delivery services. Today’s total brings the nation’s total number of hospital Covid deaths to sixty nine,801, together with a forty six-yr-old with no underlying health conditions. A further 907 folks have died with coronavirus in English hospitals – together with a 25-12 months-old. News Corp is a community of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, information, schooling, and information companies.
Towards the end of the century Prime Ministers of Scottish descent included William Gladstone, and the Earl of Rosebery. Historian Neil Davidson notes “after 1746 there was an entirely new level of participation by Scots in political life, significantly outside Scotland.” Davidson also states “removed from being ‘peripheral’ to the British financial system, Scotland – or extra precisely, the Lowlands – lay at its core.” The deposed Jacobite Stuart claimants had remained well-liked within the Highlands and north-east, significantly amongst non-Presbyterians, together with Roman Catholics and Episcopalian Protestants. However, two main Jacobite risings launched in 1715 and 1745 failed to remove the House of Hanover from the British throne. The threat of the Jacobite movement to the United Kingdom and its monarchs effectively ended on the Battle of Culloden, Great Britain’s last pitched battle. The Protectorate Parliament was the first Westminster parliament to incorporate representatives nominally from Scotland. The monarchy of the House of Stuart was resumed with the Restoration in Scotland in 1660.
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The Scotland Act 2012, based on proposals by the commission, was subsequently enacted devolving additional powers to the Scottish Parliament. During an official go to to the Republic of Ireland in 2016, Sturgeon claimed that’s it “necessary for Ireland and Scotland and the entire of the British Isles that Ireland has a robust ally in Scotland”. During the same engagement, Sturgeon grew to become the first head of government to handle the Seanad Éireann, the upper home of the Oireachtas . In the aftermath of the United Kingdom’s choice to withdraw from the European Union in 2016, the Scottish Government has known as for there to be a joint approach from every of the devolved governments. Since devolution in 1999, Scotland has devolved stronger working relations across the 2 different devolved governments, the Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Executive. Scotland, along with the Welsh Government, British Government in addition to the Northern Ireland executive, participate within the Joint Ministerial Committee which permits every government to debate coverage issues together and work collectively across each authorities to seek out solutions.
Scotland’s main exports embrace whisky, electronics and financial companies. The United States, Netherlands, Germany, France, and Norway constitute the nation’s major export markets. Until 2013, the Scottish fireplace brigades and police forces had been based on a system of areas launched in 1975.
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The SFA also has duty for the Scotland nationwide soccer group, whose supporters are generally often known as the “Tartan Army”. As of December 2019, Scotland are ranked because the 50th finest nationwide football staff within the FIFA World Rankings. The nationwide group final attended the World Cup in France in 1998, however completed final in their group stage. The Scotland women’s group have achieved more modern success, qualifying for each Euro 2017 and the 2019 World Cup. As of December 2019, they have been ranked as the 22nd greatest girls’s nationwide team within the FIFA Rankings. The Scottish Football Association , the second-oldest nationwide soccer affiliation on the planet, is the principle governing body for Scottish association soccer, and a founding member of the International Football Association Board which governs the Laws of the Game. As a result of this key role in the growth of the sport Scotland is certainly one of only 4 countries to have a everlasting representative on the IFAB; the opposite 4 representatives being appointed for set durations by FIFA.
The following 12 months, twin Acts of Union have been handed by both parliaments to create the united Kingdom of Great Britain with impact from 1 May 1707 with well-liked opposition and anti-union riots in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and elsewhere. The newly formed Parliament of Great Britain rejected proposals from the Parliament of Ireland that the third kingdom be incorporated within the union. Early years settings and childminders can remain open as regular, whereas nannies are also allowed to hold on offering companies, together with in the house. Vita Health Group, which is funded by the NHS to offer a mental health service to assist people in North Somerset, offers talking therapies by way of VitaMinds.
The East Coast and West Coast main railway strains join the major cities and towns of Scotland with one another and with the rail community in England. London North Eastern Railway supplies inter-city rail journeys between Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Inverness to London. During the time of British Rail, the West Coast Main Line from London Euston to Glasgow Central was electrified in the early 1970s, adopted by the East Coast Main Line in the late 1980s. When British Rail existed, many railway lines in Strathclyde had been electrified. Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive was at the forefront with the acclaimed “largest electrified rail community exterior London”. Some parts of the network are electrified, however there aren’t any electrified lines within the Highlands, Angus, Aberdeenshire, the cities of Dundee or Aberdeen, or Perth & Kinross, and none of the islands has a rail link . Scotland has 5 worldwide airports operating scheduled providers to Europe, North America and Asia, as well domestic services to England, Northern Ireland and Wales.
The British Parliament retains control over reserved issues specified within the Scotland Act 1998, together with taxes, social safety, defence, international relations and broadcasting. The Scottish Parliament has legislative authority for all other areas relating to Scotland. It initially had only a limited power to vary earnings tax, but powers over taxation and social security had been considerably expanded by the Scotland Acts of 2012 and 2016.
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Just over half (fifty four%) of the Scottish inhabitants reported being a Christian whereas nearly 37% reported not having a faith in a 2011 census.Since the Scottish Reformation of 1560, the nationwide church has been Protestant in classification and Reformed in theology. Since 1689 it has had a Presbyterian system of church authorities and enjoys independence from the state. Vape Shop in Cheltenham, UK is 398,389, about 7.5% of the entire population, although in accordance with the 2014 Scottish Annual Household Survey, 27.8%, or 1.5 million adherents, identified the Church of Scotland as the church of their religion. The Church operates a territorial parish construction, with every community in Scotland having a local congregation.
Only in current decades has the country loved one thing of a cultural and economic renaissance. Economic elements contributing to this recovery included a resurgent monetary providers industry, electronics manufacturing, , and the North Sea oil and gas ivg eliquid cola ice 6mg 10ml business. The introduction in 1989 by Margaret Thatcher’s authorities of the Community Charge one 12 months earlier than the remainder of Great Britain, contributed to a rising movement for Scottish control over home affairs.
Scotland has a Western-style open mixed economy closely linked with the remainder of the UK and the wider world. Traditionally, the Scottish economy was dominated by heavy trade underpinned by shipbuilding in Glasgow, coal mining and steel industries. Petroleum associated industries related to the extraction of North Sea oil have additionally been important employers from the Nineteen Seventies, particularly within the north-east of Scotland.
The head of each council is usually the Lord Provost alongside the Leader of the council, with a Chief Executive being appointed as director of the council area. Community Councils are casual organisations that characterize particular sub-divisions inside each council area. A coverage of devolution had been advocated by the three major British political events with various enthusiasm throughout latest historical past. A earlier Labour leader, John Smith, described the revival of a Scottish parliament as the “settled will of the Scottish folks”. The devolved Scottish Parliament was created after a referendum in 1997 discovered majority help for both creating the Parliament and granting it limited powers to differ income tax. During the G8 Summit in 2005, the first minister Jack McConnell welcomed each head of presidency of the G8 nations to the country’s Glasgow Prestwick Airport on behalf of then prime minister Tony Blair.
Increased income, and the more equal distribution of meals, obtained via a tight rationing system, dramatically improved the health and nutrition. The shipbuilding industry expanded by a third and expected renewed prosperity, but as a substitute, a severe melancholy hit the financial system by 1922 and it did not totally recover until 1939. The interwar years were marked by economic stagnation in rural and urban areas, and excessive unemployment. Indeed, the warfare brought with it deep social, cultural, economic, and political dislocations. Thoughtful Scots pondered their declension, as the primary social indicators corresponding to poor health, dangerous housing, and lengthy-term mass unemployment, pointed to terminal social and financial stagnation at greatest, or even a downward spiral.
In an announcement, Avon and Somerset Police mentioned officers assisted in the rescue of the 2 individuals who turned stranded on the prime of a cliff. All non essential retail, hospitality and private care companies should shut if not already, and stay closed. In particular person educating at college will solely be allowed for a small number of critical courses beforehand announced corresponding to those studying to work in the well being service. A third national lockdown has now begun in England with Prime Minister Boris Johnson asking individuals to observe new rules instantly, forward of them coming into regulation on Wednesday. “Who invented the television? How individuals reacted to John Logie Baird’s creation 90 years ago”. M. Sievers, The Highland Myth as an Invented Tradition of 18th and 19th century and Its Significance for the Image of Scotland , pp. 22–5. Other routes, served by multiple firms, join southwest Scotland to Northern Ireland.
His first prose work, Waverley in 1814, is often known as the primary historic novel. It launched a highly profitable career that probably more than any other helped define and popularise Scottish cultural id. In the late 19th century, a variety of Scottish-born authors achieved international reputations, corresponding to Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, J. M. Barrie and George MacDonald. Roman military government was withdrawn from the island altogether by the early 5th century, resulting within the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain and the immigration of the Saxons to southern Scotland and the rest of japanese Great Britain. Scotland is split into 32 administrative subdivisions or local authorities, known as council areas. Glasgow City is the most important council area when it comes to inhabitants, with Highland being the biggest in terms of space. Limited self-governing energy, covering issues such as training, social providers and roads and transportation, is devolved from the Scottish Government to each subdivision.
At the same time, McConnell and the then Scottish Executive pioneered the best way forward to launch what would turn into the Scotland Malawi Partnership which co-ordinates Scottish actions to strengthen current hyperlinks with Malawi. During McConnell’s time as first minister, several relations with Scotland, including Scottish and Russian relations strengthened following a visit by President of Russia Vladimir Putin to Edinburgh. McConnell, speaking at the finish, highlighted that the visit by Putin was a “submit-devolution” step in the direction of “Scotland regaining its international identity”. Scottish business got here out of the melancholy slump by a dramatic expansion of its industrial activity, absorbing unemployed males and many women as properly. The shipyards were the centre of more activity, however many smaller industries produced the machinery needed by the British bombers, tanks and warships. Agriculture prospered, as did all sectors apart from coal mining, which was working mines close to exhaustion. Real wages, adjusted for inflation, rose 25% and unemployment quickly vanished.
Ulster’s Protestant population is especially of lowland Scottish descent, and it is estimated that there are more than 27 million descendants of the Scots-Irish migration now residing within the US. About 20% of the unique European settler inhabitants of New Zealand came from Scotland. Immigration since World War II has given Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Dundee small South Asian communities.
By inheritance in 1603, James VI of Scotland became king of England and Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. The union also created the Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain entered right into a political union with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland . Covering the northern third of the island of Great Britain, mainland Scotland has a ninety six-mile border with England to the southeast and is in any other case surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast and the Irish Sea to the south. There are additionally greater than 790 islands, principally within the archipelagos of the Hebrides and the Northern Isles.
Highlanders can thank James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose, for the repeal in 1782 of the Act of 1747 prohibiting the sporting of tartans. In native government, there have been 32 single-tier council areas since 1996, whose councils are liable for the provision of all native authorities providers. Decisions are made by councillors who are elected at local elections every five years.
These are being phased out and replaced by the National Qualifications of the Curriculum for Excellence. The school leaving age is sixteen, after which students could select to remain in school and study for Access, Intermediate or Higher Grade and Advanced Higher skills. A small variety of students at sure non-public, unbiased schools might observe the English system and examine in direction of GCSEs and A and AS-Levels as an alternative. Scotland’s Scapa Flow was the main base for the Royal Navy within the twentieth century. As the Cold War intensified in 1961, the United States deployed Polaris ballistic missiles, and submarines, within the Firth of Clyde’s Holy Loch. The Royal Navy successfully convinced the federal government to allow the base as a result of it wished its personal Polaris submarines, and it obtained them in 1963.
Fears are actually rising that a 3rd national lockdown could be imposed imminently to curb the spread of a mutant strain of coronavirus. On December 30, Health Secretary Matt Hancock introduced three quarters of England – together with the North East and most of the Midlands – can be dealing with the hardest restrictions from 00.01 on New Year’s Eve. For more details about the roll-out of the vaccination programme in the space, including full particulars of the vaccination areas and journey support, log-on to theHealthier Together web site. Local individuals are also being requested not to contact any vaccination site or visit them with out an appointment. The Bristol, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire Healthier Together partnership is advising folks in any of these three teams that they are going to be contacted to guide their vaccination appointment.
In 1641 and once more in 1643 the Parliament of Scotland unsuccessfully sought a union with England which was “federative” and not “incorporating”, in which Scotland would retain a separate parliament. In 1603, James VI, King of Scots inherited the thrones of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Ireland in the Union of the Crowns, and moved to London. The first Union Jack was designed at James’s behest, to be flown along with the St Andrew’s Cross on Scots vessels at sea. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to make use of quite a lot of styles, titles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland. The legal system inside Scotland has additionally remained separate from these of England and Wales and Northern Ireland; Scotland constitutes a definite jurisdiction in each public and private regulation. The continued existence of authorized, academic, religious and other establishments distinct from those in the the rest of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and nationwide identity because the 1707 incorporating union with England. The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist till 1707.
The first surviving major textual content in Early Scots is the 14th-century poet John Barbour’s epic Brus, focusing on the life of Robert I, and was quickly followed by a collection of vernacular romances and prose works. In the sixteenth century, the crown’s patronage helped the development of Scots drama and poetry, however the accession of James VI to the English throne removed a significant centre of literary patronage and Scots was sidelined as a literary language.
This was based by the National Health Service Act 1947 (later repealed by the National Health Service Act 1978) that took effect on 5 July 1948 to coincide with the launch of the NHS in England and Wales. However, even prior to 1948, half of Scotland’s landmass was already coated by state-funded health care, provided by the Highlands and Islands Medical Service. Healthcare policy and funding is the accountability of the Scottish Government’s Health Directorates. The current Cabinet Secretary for Health and Sport is Jeane Freeman and the Director-General Health and chief government, NHS Scotland is Paul Gray. The Scottish National Party , which helps Scottish independence, was first elected to kind the Scottish Government in 2007. The new authorities established a “National Conversation” on constitutional points, proposing a number of options similar to rising the powers of the Scottish Parliament, federalism, or a referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom. In rejecting the last option, the three primary opposition events within the Scottish Parliament created a commission to investigate the distribution of powers between devolved Scottish and UK-broad our bodies.
Scotland is the second largest country in the United Kingdom, and accounted for eight.3% of the population in 2012. Historically, using “Scotch” as an adjective corresponding to “Scottish” or “Scots” was commonplace.
The Scottish Parliament’s type of proportional illustration resulted in nobody get together having an total majority for the first three Scottish parliament elections. However, the pro-independence Scottish National Party led by Alex Salmond achieved an total majority within the 2011 election, winning 69 of the 129 seats out there. The success of the SNP in reaching a majority in the Scottish Parliament paved the way in which for the September 2014 referendum on Scottish independence.
- To exercise, which may be together with your family or as much as one different person from exterior your household or bubble.
- Scotland’s wildlife is typical of the north-west of Europe, though several of the larger mammals such because the lynx, brown bear, wolf, elk and walrus have been hunted to extinction in historic occasions.
- The Scottish Parliament may give legislative consent over devolved issues again to the British Parliament by passing a Legislative Consent Motion if United Kingdom-wide laws is considered extra applicable for a sure concern.
- Scottish poets who emerged in the identical period included Carol Ann Duffy, who, in May 2009, was the first Scot named the monarch’s Poet Laureate.
They are people aged sixty five-sixty nine, individuals aged sixteen – sixty four who’re classified as clinically weak as a result of they have a range ofclinical conditions recognized by the JCVIthat increase their risk from coronavirus, in addition to people just lately added to the up to date Shielded Patient List. Local well being and care organisations are moving to the following stage of the Covid-19 vaccine programme within the area. There are a variety of methods to get assist if you’re concerned about your psychological health or are worried a few loved one. Bowling alleys, leisure centres and gymnasiums, sports facilities together with swimming pools, golf programs and driving ranges, dance studios, stables and driving centres, soft play facilities, climbing walls and climbing centres, archery and taking pictures ranges, water and theme parks.
Scotland is represented within the British House of Commons by fifty nine MPs elected from territory-primarily based Scottish constituencies. This represented a significant enhance from the 2017 general election, when the SNP received 35 seats. Conservative, Labour and Liberal Democrat parties also characterize Scottish constituencies in the House of Commons. The Scotland Office represents the British government in Scotland on reserved matters and represents Scottish interests inside the authorities. The Scotland Office is led by the Secretary of State for Scotland, who sits within the Cabinet of the United Kingdom. Scotland has limited self-government inside the United Kingdom, as well as representation within the British Parliament. Executive and legislative powers respectively have been devolved to the Scottish Government and the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood in Edinburgh since 1999.
Service overseas on behalf of the Empire misplaced its allure to formidable young folks, who left Scotland completely. The heavy dependence on obsolescent heavy industry and mining was a central downside, and no one provided workable options. The despair reflected what Finlay describes as a widespread sense of hopelessness that prepared native enterprise and political leaders to accept a new orthodoxy of centralised government economic planning when it arrived through the Second World War. After another proposal from the English House of Lords was rejected in 1695, and an additional Lords motion was voted down within the House of Commons in 1700, the Parliament of Scotland once more rejected union in 1702.
The Scottish Government considers the profitable re-establishment of the Plenary, and establishment of the Domestic fora to be essential sides of the connection with the British Government and the other devolved administrations. The MOU lays emphasis on the rules of good communication, session and co-operation.
Modern use of the term describes products of Scotland (often meals or drink-associated). Very impressed with the food and repair from Sharky’s Fish and Chips it’s sensible.
Most of the population, including the capital Edinburgh, is concentrated in the Central Belt – the plain between the Scottish Highlands and the Southern Uplands – in the Scottish Lowlands. .scot is not a ccTLD, however a GeoTLD, open to make use of by all individuals in Scotland and related to Scotland. They are completely professional, and their service is comfortable and problem-free. Friendly, reliable drivers and clean cab inside and outside, affordable costs even for lengthy distance can’t fault them. “Essential” retailers such as food shops, supermarkets, pharmacies, backyard centres, off-licences and Christmas tree retailers can continue to open.
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The Central Belt is the place a lot of the primary cities and cities are positioned, together with Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee, and Perth. The Scottish Lowlands host 80% of the whole population, the place the Central Belt accounts for three.5 million folks. On the excessive mountain tops, species including ptarmigan, mountain hare and stoat could be seen in their white colour section during winter months. Remnants of the native Scots pine forest exist and inside these areas the Scottish crossbill, the UK’s only endemic chook species and vertebrate, could be discovered alongside capercaillie, Scottish wildcat, purple squirrel and pine marten.
Following a referendum on devolution proposals in 1997, the Scotland Act 1998 was passed by the British Parliament, which established a devolved Scottish Parliament and Scottish Government with responsibility for many legal guidelines particular to Scotland. The first to carry the office of first minister of Scotland was Donald Dewar, who served till his sudden demise in 2000. Mental health support companies are continuing throughout the lockdown and people are being urged to see assist in the event that they need it. “This reckless determination resulted in a sophisticated and lengthy rescue, requiring the momentary closure of the B3135 Cliff street, and attendance from multiple emergency providers, together with 4 law enforcement officials and 20 fire service employees. Scottish delicacies has distinctive attributes and recipes of its own but shares much with wider British and European cuisine as a result of native and international influences, both ancient and fashionable.
‘Essential’ retailers corresponding to meals shops, supermarkets, pharmacies, backyard centres, off-licences and pet outlets can continue to open, nevertheless keep in mind that many of those outlets shall be closed on Boxing Day. Under England’s toughest Tier 4 restrictions, persons are advised to stay at house and non-important retailers, bars and eating places should shut.